What do you know about the cholesterol monomer? If not enough, then go through this article once. The main concern is, is cholesterol a monomer or polymer? Right? So, the exact answer to your question is that cholesterol is not considered a true polymer. They are used by the human body to produce hormones and other essential and major components of the nervous system. You may have heard of bad cholesterol and good cholesterol from your doctor. Is cholesterol a lipid? So, Cholesterol is nothing but one of several types of fats which means lipids. Cholesterol plays an important role in your body. Without further discussion let us tell you more about the cholesterol monomer.
What Is Cholesterol Monomer?
The cholesterol monomer is Glycerol and fatty acids. Also, these are the monomers of lipids. A fat molecule or cholesterol molecule consists of two main components, one is glycerol and the second is fatty acids. Glycerol is an alcohol with three carbons, five hydrogens, and three hydroxyl groups. Fatty acids have a long chain of hydrocarbons with a carboxyl group attached and may have 4 to 36 carbons, however, most of them have 12 to 18.
In fact, the fatty acids are attached to each of the three carbons of the glycerol molecule with an ester bond through the oxygen atom. During the easter bond formation, three molecules are released.
Well, you know the monomer of cholesterol now. Let us know some of the properties of the cholesterol monomer.
Properties Of Cholesterol Monomer
The properties of cholesterol monomer are,
- It is a colorless, viscous, and odorless liquid that is sweet in taste and non-toxic.
- They are hygroscopic which means they tend to absorb moisture from the air.
- It is miscible with water and alcohol in all proportions.
- The boiling point of glycerol is 563 K which is quite high.
Cholesterol Structure And Function
Let me tell you the cholesterol structure and function one by one.
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As already said, cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance that is white or faint yellow in color. It is almost odorless and has a solid rather than liquid consistency. The chemical formula of cholesterol is C27H46O. This means it consists of 46 atoms of hydrogen, 2 atoms of carbon, and one atom of oxygen.
The cholesterol structure consists of a central sterol nucleus of four hydrocarbon rings, which are hydrogen and carbon atoms with a circular arrangement. A hydrogen tail nucleus of four hydrocarbon rings, which are hydrogen and carbon atoms with a circular arrangement. A hydroxyl group is one hydrogen atom bonded to one oxygen atom.
The main function of cholesterol is to maintain the integrity and fluidity of cell membranes and to cater as a precursor for the synthesis of substances that are vital for the organism including steroids, hormones, bile acids, and vitamin D.
Cholesterol helps your body by acting as an antioxidant. It will also help us by strengthening the immune system.
Facts About Cholesterol
Here are some facts about cholesterol,
- Almost 94 million United States adults aged 20 or more than 20 years have total cholesterol levels higher than 200 mg/dl.
- Nearly 28 million adults in the United States have total cholesterol levels higher than 240 mg/dL.
- But, an interesting fact is that you can not live without cholesterol.
- Cholesterol is essential because all of our hormones and cells need it to work properly.
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What Is The Monomer Of Cholesterol?
Monomers and polymers
The conjugation techniques previously mentioned are commonly applied to the synthesis of cholesterol-based (cho- lesteryl) monomers for the synthesis of polymers.
Is Cholesterol Monomer Or Polymer?
Steroids such as cholesterol, used by the human body to produce hormones and other major components of the nervous system, are not considered true polymers. While they are lipid molecules, incapable of being dissolved in water, their bonds form a ring, fused with carbon, rather than a chain.
Is Cholesterol A Lipid?
The term “lipids” includes cholesterol and triglycerides, although there are other types of lipids, too. Standard lipid blood tests include a measurement of total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and triglycerides.
Why Is Cholesterol So Important?
We need a small amount of blood cholesterol because the body uses it to: build the structure of cell membranes. make hormones like oestrogen, testosterone and adrenal hormones. help your metabolism work efficiently, for example, cholesterol is essential for your body to produce vitamin D.
What Type Of Polymer Is Cholesterol?
Main-chain polymers. Main-chain polymers containing cholesterol are linear polymers end-capped with cholesterol.
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What Is A Cholesterol Molecule Made Of?
Cholesterol is a 27 carbon compound with a unique structure with a hydrocarbon tail, a central sterol nucleus made of four hydrocarbon rings, and a hydroxyl group. The center sterol nucleus or ring is a feature of all steroid hormones.
Is Cholesterol A Polymeric Compound?
So Oxytocin, amylose, RNA all are polymers except cholesterol which is a steroid.
In this article, you have learned what is cholesterol made of. Now, you have a clear concept regarding whether is cholesterol a monomer or is cholesterol a polymer. You need cholesterol to live but extra cholesterol is also not good for a healthy life. With too much cholesterol in the blood, the cholesterol, and other substances may form deposits that collect on artery walls. Plaques can cause an artery to become narrowed or blocked. If a plaque breaks, a blood clot can form a cardiac arrest. So, this was all about the cholesterol monomer.
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