What Is Lipid Monomer? 

Ekansh Agarwal

Updated on:

Before knowing the Lipid monomer, you should know about the lipid first. So, the lipid is any diverse group of organic compounds inducing fats, hormones, oils, and certain components of membranes that are grouped together because they don’t interact appreciably with water. Triglycerides, a type of lipid, are sequestered as fat in adipose calls, which serve as the energy-storage depot for the organism and also provide thermal insulation. Some lipids such as steroid hormones serve as chemical messengers between cells, tissues, and organs, and others communicate individually between biochemical systems. Let’s know about the lipid monomer.   

What Is Lipid Monomer? 

The lipid monomer is called fatty acids and glycerol. The monomer is a small molecule subunit that can be combined with similar subunits to form larger molecules. The monomer of a lipid has two types one is saturated fatty acids and the second one is unsaturated fatty acids. Fatty acids that don’t possess carbon-carbon double bonds are known as saturated fatty acids. While unsaturated fatty acids mainly come from plants, they are fats that have two or more double bonds. 

Generally, unsaturated fatty acids have a lower boiling point than saturated fats. The lipid monomer example is Glycerol and fatty acids. Let’s see some information about the lipid monomer and function

As already told, the monomer for a lipid is glycerol and fatty acids. The main function of the lipid monomer elements includes storing energy, signaling between cells, and forming the cell membrane.  

Lipid polymer consists of wax, oil, and fats. Some are used for energy storage, others cushion part of the body. Waxes can protect a plant or animal surface from dehydration. Lipids are also important to the cell membrane

Well, you have learned about what is the monomer of a lipid and also lipids elements. Let me tell you about lipid Properties. 

Also Read : What Is Styrene Monomer? 

Properties Of Lipid Monomer 

The properties of lipid monomer are, 

  • A lipid monomer is composed of a straight chain of an even number of carbon atoms. 
  • It contains hydrogen atoms along with the length of the chain and at one end. 
  • Also, it contains a carboxyl group called COOH at the other end. 
  • This carboxyl group COOH causes Lipid monomers to be n acidic in nature. 
  • Lipid monomer is usually solid at the room temperature 
  • It does not spoil quickly and has a high melting point. 

Also Read : What Is Carbohydrate Monomer? 

Structure And Function Of Lipid 

Is a lipid a monomer of polymer? It is a polymer. Now, you can imagine a long chain of lipids. Let’s know it in detail.  

Click here – What Is Styrene Monomer?

Lipid Structure 

When you see the structure of lipids there are two types of lipids on the basis of their structure. One is saturated and the second is unsaturated. Lipids are the polymers of fatty acids that contain a long, non-polar, hydrocarbon chain with a small polar region containing oxygen. In the saturated lipid, a lack of carbon-carbon bonds indicates that the fatty acid is saturated. The saturated size is due to their ability to pack their molecules together thus leading to a starting rod-like shape.   

Lipid Function 

Lipids are important because they are responsible for many important functions in the body including providing energy protecting cells from damage and helping to form the structure of cells. Lipids are also significant for regulating the body’s temperature. 

The primary biological functions of lipids serve as structural components of cell membranes, function as energy storehouses, and function as important signaling molecules. 

One of the important functions of lipids is aiding digestion and increasing bioavailability. The dietary fats in the foods we eat break down in our digestive system and begin the transport of precious micronutrients. 

Facts About Lipid 

The facts about lipids are, 

  • Lipids are water-insoluble and they require a minimum of one organic solvent to be soluble. 
  • Lipids that have ester functional groups are different from other lipids in that they can be hydrolyzed in water. 
  • Lipids are commonly known as oils and fats. 
  • The basic function of the lipids within the body is to store energy, send signals in between different compounds of the body, and make up the structure of the cell membrane. 
  • Organisms use lipids mainly to store energy as well as for transferring messages between cells. 
  • Vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat-soluble vitamins and they all are lipids based on isoprene, which are stored in the body’s fat and the liver. 

Now, you have an idea about the lipid monomer structure, lipid monomer and polymer, and examples of lipids monomer. 

Follow Monomerof to know more about various monomers.


Which Monomer Goes With Lipids?

Glycerol and fatty acids are the monomers that make up lipids.

What Is A Monomer Of A Lipid Made Of?

All monomers have the capacity to form chemical bonds to at least two other monomer molecules. Polymers are a class of synthetic substances composed of multiples of simpler units called monomers.

Are Lipids Formed By Monomers?

Monomers are smaller molecules, and when bonded together, make up polymers . -Fatty acids are the monomers for lipids , for example, and regardless of how they are bonded (as a saturated or unsaturated fat, for example), they will form lipids.

What Is The Function Of Monomer In Lipids?

Lipids are a diverse group of macromolecule that have a wide variety of functions in living cells. Examples include storing energy, signaling between cells, and forming the cell membrane. They are made from monomers (building blocks) called fatty acids.

Do Lipids Have No Monomers?

Lipids aren’t polymers since they lack a monomer unit. Simply put, lipids are a type of fat having a glycerol molecule and a two or three fatty acid chain. Although there is always one glycerol, the number of fatty acids varies. As a result, there isn’t a monomer unit.

Click here – What Is Carbohydrate Monomer?

What Elements Make Up Lipids?

Lipids are composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms, and in some cases contain phosphorus, nitrogen, sulfur and other elements.

What Are The Four 4 Types Of Lipids?

Major types include fats and oils, waxes, phospholipids, and steroids.


In this article, you have learned a lot regarding lipids, their functions, structure, and monomers. Do you know? Lipids don’t have a single common structure that defines them, the most commonly observed class of lipids are those known as triglycerides. Within the two major classes of lipids, there are numerous specific types of lipids, which are important to life, including fatty acids, triglycerides, glycerophospholipids, sphingolipids, and steroids. This was all about the lipid monomer.  


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